England's 10-wicket hero and man-of-the-match James Anderson admitted to total exhaustion after his side held off a gritty Australian fight back to win an extraordinary first Ashes Test by 14 runs.
"It has been draining emotionally and physically," said Anderson. "I'm lost for words - it's been amazing."
But the first Test also threw up questions about the use of technology in sport, with Australia ruing the Decision Review System (DRS) that appeared to weigh heavily against the Baggy Greens.
CNN looks at five things we learned from the first Test at Trent Bridge.
Technology equals controversy
Unlike football, which has grappled with the issue of technological assistance for its embattled referees for years, cricket has long been comfortable with a little high tech help for its umpires.
DRS has been around in cricket since 2009; while not without its dissenters, by and large it has brought clarity and dampened down controversy in big games. Not in this match though.
As the old bumper sticker says, "to err is human; to foul things up completely requires a computer," except here the human element was solely to blame.
From umpire Aleem Dar's failure to pick up Stuart Broad's clear edge to Australia's wicketkeeper Brad Haddin, to a dozy 'hot-spot' camera operator who was still reviewing the previous ball as England appealed Jonathan Trott's dismissal, this was an error-strewn performance by both the on and off-field umpiring team.
The look on Australian captain Michael Clarke's face when he realized his profligate use of appeals had left him without recourse to the third umpire as Broad stood his ground summed up the frustration around DRS.
Broad's decision not to walk was huge in itself, and prompted an impassioned debate that will linger for some time -- some argued that he was a disgrace, others that he was simply being professional.
Interestingly the people who seemed least bothered by it were the players, possibly because -- with very few exceptions -- no one in top-flight cricket walks any more.
In the words of former Australian wicketkeeper Ian Healy, "walk in an Ashes Test match? Only if the car runs out of petrol!"
Interestingly though, Broad didn't wait for the umpire's signal when he did eventually depart. Perhaps even he was a bit embarrassed.
In the final analysis, much as was always argued when the umpires acted alone, the mistakes just about balanced themselves out.
Certainly, the Australian captain could learn much from the approach of his opposite number Alastair Cook, who used his appeals wisely -- especially for the final decisive wicket.
But the fact that technology's role was so central to so much controversy at Trent Bridge must be cause for concern.
Anderson is a true great
While the great Australian side that dominated world cricket from the early 90s into the 21st century was full of stars, its bowling attack was arguably the key to its supremacy.
Alongside the genius of spinner Shane Warne it was the metronomic precision and controlled aggression of fast bowler Glenn McGrath that kept the game's best batsmen in check.
If the current Australian side is crying out for such a presence, England can rest easy in the knowledge that they have their own McGrath in Anderson.
The Lancashire pace bowler has matured into an intimidating mix of cool exactitude and thoughtful endeavour.
For over after over he pinned the Australian attack back, reining them in each time they threatened to break free and ensuring they could never relax.
It was a performance, on a pretty lifeless pitch, that underlined why he can now justifiably be ranked among the greatest pace bowlers.
His 10 wickets added to a career tally that should eventually see him overtake Ian Botham as England's highest wicket-taker.